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Quiz - Chapters 2 & 3

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false. (1-Point Each)
 

 1. 

If you were on the moon during a total lunar eclipse, the sun would be hidden behind Earth.
 

 2. 

The totally eclipsed moon glows coppery red because sunlight reaches the moon's surface after passing through Earth's atmosphere.
 

 3. 

The Greek letter designation conveys information about a star's location and brightness.
 

 4. 

A second magnitude star in Ursa Major is brighter than a fourth magnitude star in Orion.
 

 5. 

The constellations were created by the Greeks.
 

 6. 

A magnitude 3.2 star is brighter than a magnitude -1.2 star.
 

 7. 

Spring tides are larger than Neap Tides due to the alighnment of the earth, sun and moon.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. (3-Points Each)
 

 8. 

The magnitude scale
a.
was used to determine the rate of precession.
b.
is no longer used today.
c.
originated just after the telescope was invented.
d.
was devised by Galileo.
e.
can be used to indicate the apparent intensity of a celestial object.
 

 9. 

The synodic period of the moon
a.
is the period of time from when the moon rises until the moon rises again the next night.
b.
is the period of time for the moon to orbit Earth once with respect to the stars.
c.
is about 27.32 days long.
d.
is the period of time between successive eclipses at a given location on Earth.
e.
none of the above
 

 10. 

Spring tides occur
a.
at new moon and first quarter moon.
b.
at new moon and full moon.
c.
at third quarter and full moons.
d.
at first quarter and third quarter moons.
e.
at noon and midnight.
 

 11. 

The point in Earth's orbit when Earth is farthest from the sun is known as
a.
aphelion.
b.
perihelion.
c.
precession.
d.
the winter solstice
e.
a and d
 

 12. 

The celestial equator is
a.
a line around the sky directly above Earth's equator.
b.
the dividing line between the north and south celestial hemispheres.
c.
the path that the sun appears to follow on the celestial sphere as Earth orbits the sun.
d.
a and b.
e.
a and c.
 

 13. 

The point in Earth's orbit when Earth is closest to the sun is known as
a.
aphelion.
b.
perihelion.
c.
precession.
d.
the winter solstice
e.
a and d
 

 14. 

Total lunar eclipses always occur at the time
a.
of full moon.
b.
of new moon.
c.
either solstice.
d.
either equinox.
e.
that the sun is directly overhead.
 

 15. 

Northern Hemisphere winters are colder than Northern Hemisphere summers because
a.
Earth is closer to the sun during the summer.
b.
the snow that falls in the northern latitudes cools Earth during the winter.
c.
the light from the sun shines more directly on the Northern Hemisphere during the summer.
d.
the period of sunlight is longer during the summer than during the winter.
e.
c and d
 

 16. 

A totally eclipsed moon glows coppery red because
a.
the moon' surface is made of iron ore which is red in color.
b.
only red light is able to pass completely through Earth's atmosphere and reach the moon.
c.
The moon appears red during a total solar eclipse, not a total lunar eclipse.
d.
during a lunar eclipse the sun is cooler than normal and its light is more red.
e.
red light is cooler than blue light.
 

 17. 

Why isn't the winter solstice the coldest day of the year?
a.
Thermal Lag
b.
December 22 is the coldest day of the year
c.
The sun is closest to the Earth
d.
The sun is furthest from the Earth
 

 18. 

Why there are two high tides and two low tides each day?
a.
Gravity from the sun and moon.
b.
Gravity and lack of gravity from the sun.
c.
Gravity and lack of gravity from the moon.
d.
Earth’s 23.5 degree tilt on it’s axis.
 



 
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